The Europa Enigma, by Richard C. Hoagland (once again available in hardcopy -- totals 17 pages, including 9 original color art plates, and official NASA images; $19.50, including shipping and handling. Make checks payable to: "Martian Horizons" -- 122 Dodd St., Weehawken, NJ, 07087)

The Europa Enigma, the historic paper that, over NASA's vocal opposition 16 years ago, predicted the current Galileo discoveries and NASA headlines in the New York Times -- "Jupiter's Moon Europa Could Be Habitat for Life"...

The Europa Enigma, in print once again after 16 years, contains the original research and detailed descriptions (including original, detailed full-color artist renderings) of the long-vanished primordial biogenic processes possibly occurring at the dawning of the early solar system -- when Jupiter and Saturn behaved like glowing stars . . . The sweeping vision, originally published in January 1980, that ultimately modeled for the rest of NASA the likely formation and 4.5 billion-year independent evolution of indigenous life forms . . . beneath a global covering of blinding ice, in a current ocean potentially covering a distant moon of Jupiter:


The same paper that ultimately impelled the inventor of the communications satellite (and author of the stunning novel and film of space exploration, "2001: A Space Odyssey"), Arthur C. Clarke, to write its sequel -- "2010: Odyssey Two." Said Clarke, in his acknowledgment of Hoagland's concept in Odyssey Two:

". . . the fascinating idea that there might be life on Europa, beneath ice-covered oceans kept liquid by the same Jovian tidal forces that heat Io, was first proposed by Richard C. Hoagland in the magazine Star & Sky . . . This quite brilliant concept has been taken seriously by a number of astronomers (notably NASA's Institute of Space Studies, Dr. Robert Jastrow), and may provide one of the best motives for the projected GALILEO Mission."

The NASA Galileo Mission that now -- after 16 years of waiting -- is finally proving Hoagland's model of Europa.

Includes 1996 New York Times story of NASA's current confirmations . . . reserve your copy -- now!